What is the difference between anxiety and depression?

I usually get confused about anxiety and depression and most of the time think of both as the same. Are they actually the same or do they have any difference?

Understanding the difference between anxiety and depression is essential for recognizing and addressing these mental health conditions. Here’s an authentic response in bullet points:


  • Characterised by excessive worry, fear, or nervousness about future events or situations.
  • Physical symptoms like rapid heartbeat, sweating, trembling, and shortness of breath are common.
  • Often involves a “fight or flight” response to perceived threats.
  • May lead to avoidance of triggering situations or activities.
  • Overthinking and difficulty controlling anxious thoughts are prevalent.
  • Can affect sleep, leading to restlessness and fatigue.


  • Involves persistent feelings of sadness, emptiness, or hopelessness.
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in previously enjoyable activities.
  • Changes in appetite and weight, either significant decrease or increase.
  • Fatigue, lack of energy, and difficulty concentrating are common.
  • Sleep disturbances, either insomnia or excessive sleeping, may occur.
  • Thoughts of self-harm or suicide may be present in severe cases.

Remember, both anxiety and depression are treatable, and seeking professional help is vital for proper diagnosis and effective support. If you or someone you know experiences any of these symptoms, don’t hesitate to reach out for guidance and care. You don’t have to navigate these challenges alone.